23 luglio 2015
Treatment effect of buparlisib, cetuximab and irradiation in wild-type or PI3KCA-mutated head and neck cancer cell lines.
Lattanzio L, Tonissi F, Monteverde M, Vivenza D, Russi E, Milano G, Merlano M, Lo Nigro C.
Invest New Drugs. 2015 Apr;33(2):310-20. doi: 10.1007/s10637-015-0210-1.
Introduction In complement to anti-EGFR therapy, the targeting of PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway is of particular interest in the management of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HNSCC). Here, we assess the effects of PI3K inhibition combined with anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody cetuximab and/or irradiation (RT). Material and methods Anti-proliferative effects of the combination of buparlisib (a specific PI3K inhibitor), cetuximab and RT was determined in two HNSCC cell lines (CAL33, PI3KCA H1047R-mutated and CAL27, PI3KCA wild-type). We examined biochemical factors related to proliferation, apoptosis (caspases), DNA repair (ERCC1, XRCC1) and the PI3K pathway (pEGFR/EGFR, pAKT/AKT, p-p70, p4EBP1). Results The best synergistic combined treatment in inhibiting cell proliferation was sequence 2 (cetuximab followed by buparlisib) in both cell lines. Addition of RT increased sequence 2 anti-proliferative effect only in CAL27. Data on protein expression indicated a possible activation of mTORC2 complex and caspases proteins in CAL27 not seen in CAL33. In CAL33, the synergistic anti-proliferative effect of the two drugs may derive from the higher sensitivity of mutated cells to PI3K targeting. Conclusions Our study demonstrates a synergistic effect of cetuximab followed by buparlisib in both PI3KCA wild-type and mutated cells, even with different intracellular signaling cross-talk depending on mutational status.